While school curriculums in the Middle East and North Africa have long emphasized allegiance to a version of history promoting militaristic Arab nationalism, small steps are being taken to diversify perspectives represented in textbooks and classrooms since the regime changes of the last few years. Financial Times’ Borzou Daragahi reports that in Libya, for example, the parliament has recently allowed the option of studying the country’s minority languages, Amazigh, Tabu and Tuareg, in school. And in Egypt, the story of Khaled Saeed (the Egyptian computer programmer whose death sparked protests, a social media movement against torture, and the subsequent Egyptian revolution) is being taught to Egyptian second-graders. How long this will last is unknown, because of pushback from Egypt’s security forces. It’s an incredibly complicated reformation movement: read more about it here.
Somewhat Related: A 2011 Carnegie Endowment report discusses what education for empowered citizenship in the Arab World could and should look like, and what challenges such a model faces.